Wilhelm Wien
Wilhelm Wien

Celebrity Profile

Name: Wilhelm Wien
Occupation: Scientists
Gender: Male
Birth Day: January 13, 1864
Death Date: 30 August 1928(1928-08-30) (aged 64)
Munich, Germany
Age: Aged 64
Birth Place: Gaffken near Fischhausen, Province of Prussia, Germany
Zodiac Sign: Aquarius

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Wilhelm Wien

Wilhelm Wien was born on January 13, 1864 in Gaffken near Fischhausen, Province of Prussia, Germany (64 years old). Wilhelm Wien is a Scientists, zodiac sign: Aquarius. Find out Wilhelm Wiennet worth 2020, salary 2020 detail bellow.

Does Wilhelm Wien Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Wilhelm Wien died on 30 August 1928(1928-08-30) (aged 64)
Munich, Germany.

Net Worth

Net Worth 2020


Salary 2020

Not known

Biography Timeline


Wien was born at Gaffken near Fischhausen, Province of Prussia (now Primorsk, Russia) as the son of landowner Carl Wien. In 1866, his family moved to Drachstein near Rastenburg (now Kętrzyn, Poland).


In 1879, Wien went to school in Rastenburg and from 1880-1882 he attended the city school of Heidelberg. In 1882 he attended the University of Göttingen and the University of Berlin. From 1883-85, he worked in the laboratory of Hermann von Helmholtz and, in 1886, he received his Ph.D. with a thesis on the diffraction of light upon metals and on the influence of various materials upon the color of refracted light. From 1896 to 1899, Wien lectured at RWTH Aachen University. He became twice successor of Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, in 1900 at the University of Würzburg and in 1919 at the University of Munich. Wien was very active in science politics representing conservative and nationalistic positions though being not as extreme as sharing the attitude of those going to develop the "Deutsche Physik". He appreciated both Albert Einstein and relativity.


In 1896 Wien empirically determined a distribution law of blackbody radiation, later named after him: Wien's law. Max Planck, who was a colleague of Wien's, did not believe in empirical laws, so using electromagnetism and thermodynamics, he proposed a theoretical basis for Wien's law, which became the Wien–Planck law. However, Wien's law was only valid at high frequencies, and underestimated the radiancy at low frequencies. Planck corrected the theory and proposed what is now called Planck's law, which led to the development of quantum theory. However, Wien's other empirical formulation λ m a x T = c o n s t a n t {\displaystyle \lambda _{\mathrm {max} }T=\mathrm {constant} } , called Wien's displacement law, is still very useful, as it relates the peak wavelength emitted by a body (λmax), to the temperature of the body (T). In 1900 (following the work of George Frederick Charles Searle), he assumed that the entire mass of matter is of electromagnetic origin and proposed the formula m = ( 4 / 3 ) E / c 2 {\displaystyle m=(4/3)E/c^{2}} for the relation between electromagnetic mass and electromagnetic energy.


Wien developed the Wien filter (also known as velocity selector) in 1898 for the study of anode rays. It is a device consisting of perpendicular electric and magnetic fields that can be used as a velocity filter for charged particles, for example in electron microscopes and spectrometers. It is used in accelerator mass spectrometry to select particles based on their speed. The device is composed of orthogonal electric and magnetic fields, such that particles with the correct speed will be unaffected while other particles will be deflected. It can be configured as a charged particle energy analyzer, monochromator, or mass spectrometer.

While studying streams of ionized gas, Wien, in 1898, identified a positive particle equal in mass to the hydrogen atom. Wien, with this work, laid the foundation of mass spectrometry. J. J. Thomson refined Wien's apparatus and conducted further experiments in 1913 then, after work by Ernest Rutherford in 1919, Wien's particle was accepted and named the proton.


In 1911, Wien was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat".

Family Members

# Name Relationship Net Worth Salary Age Occupation
#1 Karl Wien Children N/A N/A N/A

🎂 Upcoming Birthday

Currently, Wilhelm Wien is 158 years, 5 months and 15 days old. Wilhelm Wien will celebrate 159th birthday on a Friday 13th of January 2023. Below we countdown to Wilhelm Wien upcoming birthday.


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