|Name:||Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev|
|Real Name:||Mahendra of Nepal|
|Birth Day:||June 11, 1920|
|Death Date:||31 January 1972(1972-01-31) (aged 51)
Dialo Bangala, Bharatpur, Nepal
|Birth Place:||Kathmandu, Nepal, Nepal|
|Height:||in centimeters - N/A|
|Weight:||in kg - N/A|
As per our current Database, Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev died on 31 January 1972(1972-01-31) (aged 51)
Dialo Bangala, Bharatpur, Nepal.
Mahendra succeeded Tribhuvan as King of Nepal. He was crowned on 2 May 1956.
King Mahendra was given a gift of Ilyushin Il-14 in Dec 1958 for private use by Nikita Khrushchev. The plane had a kitchen, couches and bathrooms.
On 15 December 1960, the then King Mahendra suspended the constitution, dissolved the elected parliament, dismissed the cabinet, imposed direct rule and imprisoned the then-prime minister B. P. Koirala and his closest government colleagues. Mahendra instituted a Panchayat hierarchical system of village, district and national councils, a variant of guided democracy. He pursued a foreign policy of neutrality between China and India.
In 1960, King Mahendra used his emergency powers and took charge of the State once again claiming that the Congress government had fostered corruption, promoted party above national interest, failed to maintain law and order and ‘encouraged anti-national elements’. Political parties were outlawed and all prominent political figures, including the Prime Minister were put behind bars. Civil liberties were curtailed and press freedom muzzled. King Mahendra, then, through an ‘exercise of the sovereign power and prerogatives inherent in us’ promulgated a new constitution on December, 1962 introducing a party-less Panchayat system. The political system (Panchayat System) was a party-less "guided" democracy in which the people could elect their representatives, while real power remained in the hands of the monarch. Dissenters were called anti-national elements.
The Panchayat System was formulated by King Mahendra after overthrowing the first democratically elected government and dissolving the parliament in 1960. On 26 December 1961, King Mahendra appointed a council of 5 ministers to help run the administration. Several weeks later, political parties were declared illegal. At first, the Nepali Congress leadership propounded a non-violent struggle against the new order and formed alliances with several political parties, including the Gorkha Parishad and the United Democratic Party. Early in 1961, however, the king had set up a committee of 4 officials from the Central Secretariat to recommend changes in the constitution that would abolish political parties and substitute a "National Guidance" system based on local panchayat led directly by the king.
King Mahendra was appointed as a British Field Marshal in 1962.
Mahendra implemented a land reform policy, which provided land to many landless people. The Mahendra Highway (also called East-West Highway) that runs along the entire Terai belt in southern Nepal was constructed during his reign. He launched the Back to the Village National Campaign in 1967 which was one of his largest rural development efforts. He also played a key role in making Nepal a member of the United Nations in 1955.
King Mahendra and the Queen Ratna were greeted by the then President of USA, Lyndon B Johnson and Mrs. Johnson in Washington DC in 1967. The royal couple of Nepal was greeted with the 'guard of honor'.
Mahendra suffered a massive second heart attack whilst on a winter hunting trip in Chitwan where he was attended to by his trusted Physicians Dr Mrigendra Raj Pandey and Dr Sachey Kumar Pahari. King Mahendra was in a stable but critical condition and eventually breathed his last at Dialo Bangala, the royal palace in Bharatpur on 31 January 1972. The King's body was subsequently flown to Kathmandu by helicopter in preparation for the State Funeral.
His son Birendra assumed the throne on 24 February 1975 but perished in the Nepalese royal massacre on 1 June 2001.
|#1||Gyanendra of Nepal||Children||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|#2||Birendra of Nepal||Children||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|#3||Prince Basundhara of Nepal||Siblings||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|#4||Prince Himalaya of Nepal||Siblings||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|#5||Ratna Rajya Lakshmi Devi Shah||Spouse||N/A||N/A||N/A|
Currently, Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev is 101 years, 0 months and 1 days old. Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev will celebrate 102nd birthday on a Saturday 11th of June 2022. Below we countdown to Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev upcoming birthday.
Mahendra | king of Nepal
Mahendra, king of Nepal from 1955 to 1972. Mahendra ascended the throne in 1955 upon the death of his father, King Tribhuvan. The new king came into conflict with his Cabinet, which was dominated by a coalition of the Nepali Congress Party and the Ranas (a line of hereditary prime ministers). In o