Jorge Amado
Jorge Amado

Celebrity Profile

Name: Jorge Amado
Occupation: Novelist
Gender: Male
Birth Day: August 10, 1912
Death Date: Aug 6, 2001 (age 88)
Age: Aged 88
Country: Brazil
Zodiac Sign: Leo

Social Accounts

Height: in centimeters - N/A
Weight: in kg - N/A
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Jorge Amado

Jorge Amado was born on August 10, 1912 in Brazil (88 years old). Jorge Amado is a Novelist, zodiac sign: Leo. Find out Jorge Amadonet worth 2020, salary 2020 detail bellow.

Trivia

He was a member of the Brazilian Communist Party and received the Stalin Peace Prize in 1951.

Does Jorge Amado Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Jorge Amado died on Aug 6, 2001 (age 88).

Net Worth

Net Worth 2020

Undisclosed

Salary 2020

Not known

Before Fame

He published his first novel, The Country of Carnival, in 1931, when he was only eighteen years old.

Biography Timeline

1931

Amado published his first novel, The Country of Carnival, in 1931, at age 18. He married Matilde Garcia Rosa and had a daughter, Lila, in 1933. The same year he published his second novel, Cacau, which increased his popularity. He studied law at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Faculty of Law but never became a practising lawyer. His leftist activities made his life difficult under the dictatorial regime of Getúlio Vargas. In 1935 he was arrested for the first time, and two years later his books were publicly burned. His works were banned from Portugal, but in the rest of Europe he gained great popularity with the publication of Jubiabá in France. The book had enthusiastic reviews, including that of Nobel prize Award winner Albert Camus.

1945

In the early 1940s, Amado edited a literary supplement for the Nazi-funded political newspaper "Meio-Dia". Being a communist militant, from 1941 to 1942 Amado was compelled to go into exile to Argentina and Uruguay. When he returned to Brazil he separated from Matilde Garcia Rosa. In 1945 he was elected to the National Constituent Assembly, as a representative of the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) (he received more votes than any other candidate in the state of São Paulo). He signed a law granting freedom of religious faith.

He remarried in 1945, to the writer Zélia Gattai. In 1947 they had a son, João Jorge. The same year his party was declared illegal, and its members arrested and persecuted. Amado chose exile once again, this time in France, where he remained until he was expelled in 1950. His daughter from his first marriage, Lila, died in 1949. From 1950 to 1952 Amado and Gattai lived in Czechoslovakia, where another daughter, Paloma, was born. He also travelled to the Soviet Union, winning the Stalin Peace Prize in 1951. Recently released documents show that in this period he was investigated by CIA.

1954

On his return to Brazil in 1954, Amado abandoned active political life, leaving the Communist Party one year later. From that period on he dedicated himself solely to literature. His second creative phase began in 1958 with Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon, which was described by Jean-Paul Sartre as "the best example of a folk novel". Amado abandoned, in part, the realism and the social themes of his early works, producing a series of novels focusing mainly on feminine characters, devoted to a kind of smiling celebration of the traditions and the beauties of Bahia. In addition to Gabriela these novels included Tereza Batista: Home from the Wars and Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands. His depiction of the sexual customs of his land was scandalous to much of 1950s Brazilian society and for several years Amado could not even enter Ilhéus, where Gabriela was set, due to threats received for the alleged offense to the morality of the city's women. Besides the turning point, the Soviet Union kept publishing Amado's works shortly after their release in Portuguese.

1961

On 6 April 1961, he was elected to the Brazilian Academy of Letters. On his death his wife was elected to replace him. Amado made the Academy the setting for one of his novels, Pen, Sword, Camisole. He received the title of Doctor honoris causa from several universities in Brazil, Portugal, Italy, Israel and France, as well as other honors in almost every South American country, including Obá de Xangô (santoon) of the Candomblé, the traditional Afro-Brazilian religion of Bahia. He was finally removed from the French Government blacklist in 1965 following the intervention of the then Minister of Culture, André Malraux. In 1984 he was awarded the French Légion d’Honneur by President François Mitterrand.

1987

Amado's popularity as a writer has never declined. His books have been translated into 49 languages in 55 countries, and adapted into films, theatrical works and TV programs. They even inspired some samba schools of the Brazilian Carnival. In 1987, the House of Jorge Amado Foundation was created, in Salvador. It promotes the protection of Amado's estate and the development of culture in Bahia. The recently renovated building on the Pelourinho in Salvador contains a small museum and wall panels with the covers of international editions of his books.

2001

Amado died on 6 August 2001. His ashes were spread in the garden of his house four days later.

Family Life

Jorge was married to Zelia Gattai from 1945 until his death.

🎂 Upcoming Birthday

Currently, Jorge Amado is 110 years, 1 months and 22 days old. Jorge Amado will celebrate 111th birthday on a Thursday 10th of August 2023. Below we countdown to Jorge Amado upcoming birthday.

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Recent Birthday Highlights

101st birthday - Saturday, August 10, 2013

Happy birthday, Jorge Amado!

Jorge Amado was born on Aug. 10, 1912 in Brazil and died Aug. 6, 2001. His 32 books won international acclaim for reflecting his homeland's culture and people, including blacks and working people. His best known novels are 1958’s Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon, about a migrant worker who changes life in a village with the…

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