Georges Guynemer
Georges Guynemer

Celebrity Profile

Name: Georges Guynemer
Occupation: War Hero
Gender: Male
Birth Day: December 24, 1894
Death Date: Sep 11, 1917 (age 22)
Age: Aged 22
Birth Place: Paris, France
Zodiac Sign: Capricorn

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Height: in centimeters - N/A
Weight: in kg - N/A
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Georges Guynemer

Georges Guynemer was born on December 24, 1894 in Paris, France (22 years old). Georges Guynemer is a War Hero, zodiac sign: Capricorn. Find out Georges Guynemernet worth 2020, salary 2020 detail bellow.

Trivia

He was shot down in 1917 and presumed lost. The blow of a national hero's death was softened for French schoolchildren, who were told that Guynemer had flown so high that he could never come down again.

Does Georges Guynemer Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Georges Guynemer died on Sep 11, 1917 (age 22).

Net Worth

Net Worth 2020

Undisclosed

Salary 2020

Not known

Before Fame

He was initially rejected for military service, but he became a military mechanic and was able to work his way up to pilot training.

Biography Timeline

1914

He was originally rejected five times for military service due to frailty, but was accepted for training as a mechanic in late 1914. With determination, he gained acceptance to pilot training, joining Escadrille MS.3 on 8 June 1915. He remained in the same unit for his entire service. The first plane allocated to him was a Morane-Saulnier L monoplane previously flown by Charles Bonnard, and accordingly named Vieux Charles (Old Charles). Guynemer kept the name and continued to use it for most of his later aircraft. On 19 July 1915, he shot down his first plane, a German Aviatik.

1915

On 5 December 1915, the Escadrille MS.3 was renamed the Escadrille N.3, after being re-equipped with new Nieuport 10 fighters. Flying the more effective plane, Guynemer quickly established himself as one of France's premier fighter pilots. He became an ace, with his fifth victory coming in February 1916, and was promoted to lieutenant in March. On 12 March 1916 he scored his 8th victory. At the end of the year, his score had risen to 25. Capitaine Brocard, commander of Escadrille N.3 (Storks), described Guynemer at that time as "...my most brilliant Stork." Less than a year later, Guynemer was promoted to captain and commander of the Storks squadron.

1916

Guynemer became influential enough to affect French fighter aircraft design. In December 1916, he wrote a letter to the chief designer at Spad, criticizing the Spad VII as inferior to the German Halberstadt that was its contemporary. As a consequence, Spad developed two new but very similar models, the SPAD XII and SPAD XIII. The new models were promising, but had teething problems with the reduction gear between engine and propeller.

1917

On 23 January 1917 Guynemer scored a "double" credit of victories 26 and 27 -first shooting down a Albatros C (Captain Martin Korner Killed) and then a Rumpler C I of Flieger-Abteilung (A) 216 in flames {Crew Lt. Bernhard Röder and his observer Ltn. Otto von Schanzenbach killed}. On 26 January 1917 Guynemer forced down an Albatros C.VII of Fl.Abt {A} 226 {crew captured} for his "30th" credit. On 8 February 1917, flying a SPAD VII, Guynemer became the first Allied pilot to shoot down a German heavy bomber (Gotha G.III) his 31st "Credit". On 16 March 1917 he brought down his 32nd "Credit" a Roland D.II of Jasta 32 {Pilot POW/DOW}. On 14 April 1917 he downed his thirty-sixth "Credit"-killing the crew of Fl.Abt {A} 254. His greatest month was May 1917, when he downed seven German aircraft including a quadruple on 25 May. By July, he began to fly the Spad XII; his avion magique was, at his behest, armed with a 37 mm (1.46 in) cannon whose barrel fired through the propeller shaft. It was also armed with a .30 in (7.62 mm) air-cooled Vickers machine gun. Although the cannon promised devastating firepower, the new plane was a handful because of it, as the cannon's rearwards-protruding breech mandated separate aileron and elevator controls, split from each other on opposing sides of the cockpit. The single shot cannon had to be manually reloaded in flight; it had a heavy recoil when fired, and filled the canopy with fumes from every shot. The Spad XII was not a plane for a novice pilot. However, Guynemer used it to down an Albatros fighter on 27 July, and a DFW the next day. The latter triumph made him the first French ace to attain 50 victories, "Fifty machines destroyed! This had been Guynemer's dream."

Guynemer failed to return from a combat mission on 11 September 1917. The previous week had been one of mechanical ills, in both his assigned aircraft and the ones he borrowed. At 08:30, with rookie pilot Jean Bozon-Verduraz, Guynemer took off in his Spad XIII S.504 n°2. His mission was to patrol the Langemark area. At 09:25, near Poelkapelle, Guynemer sighted a lone Rumpler, a German observation plane, and dove toward it. Bozon-Verduraz saw several Fokkers above him, and by the time he had shaken them off, his leader was nowhere in sight, so he returned alone. Guynemer never came back.

Captain Georges Guynemer was confirmed missing in action by his squadron commander Major Brocard; it was officially announced in Paris by the French War Department on 25 September 1917. Unofficial confirmation came from a captured German pilot who was shot down behind Canadian lines the evening of 29 September. A German sergeant from the 413th Regiment swore he had witnessed the crash and identified Guynemer's corpse; he also certified that the French hero had died from a bullet through the head, with other injuries including a broken leg and a finger shot away. The German party retrieving the body was driven away by Allied artillery fire before they could bury or remove the body. The 25 September details released by the French War Department were unclassified and became public knowledge as described by one of his flying comrades (name withheld due to security reasons):

1918

Guynemer was lionized by the French press and became a national hero. The French government encouraged the publicity to boost morale and take the people's minds off the terrible losses in the trenches. Guynemer was embarrassed by the attention, but his shyness only increased the public's appetite to know everything about him. This was quite different later in 1918 with the French top ace René Fonck, who despite having 75 confirmed victories, had bad publicity for his arrogance and shameless self-promotion. Guynemer's death was a profound shock to France; nevertheless, he remained an icon for the duration of the war. Only 22 at his death, he continued to inspire the nation with his advice, "Until one has given all, one has given nothing."

Family Life

Georges was born into a wealthy French family.

🎂 Upcoming Birthday

Currently, Georges Guynemer is 127 years, 11 months and 12 days old. Georges Guynemer will celebrate 128th birthday on a Saturday 24th of December 2022. Below we countdown to Georges Guynemer upcoming birthday.

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