Fatima Meer
Fatima Meer

Celebrity Profile

Name: Fatima Meer
Occupation: Civil Rights Leader
Gender: Female
Birth Day: August 12, 1928
Death Date: Mar 12, 2010 (age 81)
Age: Aged 81
Country: South Africa
Zodiac Sign: Leo

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Fatima Meer

Fatima Meer was born on August 12, 1928 in South Africa (81 years old). Fatima Meer is a Civil Rights Leader, zodiac sign: Leo. Find out Fatima Meernet worth 2020, salary 2020 detail bellow.

Brief Info

Visible during the 1950s, '60s, and '70s as an opponent of the apartheid regime, this South African activist also had a prominent career as a scholar and writer. Her publications include Race and Suicide in South Africa, Passive Resistance, and a Nelson Mandela biography titled Higher than Hope.

Trivia

Her numerous honors include the 1994 Vishwa Gurjari Human Rights Award and the 1975 Union of South African Journalists Award.

Does Fatima Meer Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Fatima Meer died on Mar 12, 2010 (age 81).

Net Worth

Net Worth 2020

Undisclosed

Salary 2020

Not known

Before Fame

After graduating from the University of the Witwatersrand, she earned a graduate degree in sociology from the University of Natal.

Biography Timeline

1944

Fatima Meer was born in Grey Street, Durban, South Africa, into a middle-class family of nine, where her father Moosa Ismail Meer, a newspaper editor of [[The Indian Views]], instilled in her a consciousness of the racial discrimination that existed in the country. Her mother was Rachel Farrell, the second wife of Moosa Ismail Meer. Her mother was orphaned and of Jewish and Portuguese descent. She converted to Islam and changed her name to Amina. When she was 16 years old in 1944, she helped raise £1 000 for famine relief in Bengal, India.She completed her schooling at the Durban Indian Girls High School. When she was still a student she mobilize students to founded the Student Passive Resistance Committee to gather fund for the Indian community’s Passive Resistance Campaign from 1946 to 1948. These committee led her to meet Yusuf Dadoo, Monty Naicker and Kesaveloo Goonam. She subsequently attended the University of the Witwatersrand for one year where she was a member of a Trotskyism group which was affiliated to Non-European Unity Movement (NEUM). She went to University of Natal, where she completed a Bachelors Degree and Masters degree in Sociology.

1948

After the National Party gained power in 1948 and started implementing their policy of apartheid. Meer's activism increased and as a result of her activism, Meer was first "banned" in 1952 for 3 years. She was one of the founding members of the Federation of South African Women (FEDSAW) which was established on 17 April 1954 in the Trades Hall on Rissik Street, in central Johannesburg which spearheaded the historical women's march on the Union Buildings, Pretoria on 9 August 1956. She was one of the leaders of the Women's March in 1956. At the same year, she organize committee to gather fund for bail and support family from Natal political leaders which was in treason trial.

1950

Meer and Kesaveloo Goonam became the first women to be elected as executive of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in 1950. She helped to establish the Durban and District Women's League on 4 October 1952 as a group of 70 women. This organisation was started in order to build alliances between Africans and Indians as a result of the race riots between the two groups in 1949. Bertha Mkhize became the chairperson and she became the secretary of the league. The league undertook works such as organizing Crèche and distributed milk at Cato Manor. This league also gather fund for victims caused by tornado at Springs where African became homeless and successfully collected £4000 for the Sea Cow Lake flood victims.

Fatima Meer married her first cousin in 1950, Ismail Meer. This was not uncommon in the Sunni Bhora community where she grew up. Ismail Meer was a prominent lawyer and apartheid activist. He was an active member of the KwaZulu-Natal ANC provincial legislature. In the 1960s he was arrested and charged with treason along with Nelson Mandela and other activists. In 2000, Fatima Meer's son Rashid, died in a car accident. She is survived by her two daughters Shehnaaz, a Land Claims Court judge, and Shamin, a social science consultant.

1969

She published her book entitled Portrait of Indian South Africans on 1969 and donated all revenue from the sale of the book to the Gandhi Settlement for the needs to build Gandhi Museum and Clinic.She helped an operation to rescue 10 000 Indian flood victims at Tin Town which was located on the banks of the Umgeni River. Meer built temporary housing in tent and organized relief food and clothing. Later, she successfully negotiated permanent settlement for them in Phoenix. Meer also founded and became a leader of Natal Education Trust which gather money from the Indian community to build schools in Umlazi, Port Shepstone and Inanda.

1972

She founded Institute for Black Research (IBR) which became research and publishing institution and education NGO on 1972

1975

On 1975, Fatima Meer co-founded the Black Women's Federation (BWF) with Winnie Mandela. Meer became the first presiden of the organisation. A year later, she was banned again for period of five years. The banned order came after her attendance on meeting of the Black Studies Programme where she was a key speakers in a speech entitled, "Twenty-Five Years of Apartheid Rule".In June of 1976, after Soweto Uprisings, 11 women from BWF were arrested and detained under Section 6 of the Terrorism Act. They were placed in solitary confinement at Fort Prison on Johannesburg. She narrowly survived an assassination attempt shortly after her release from detention in 1976 when she was shot at her family home in Durban, but not harmed. Her son, Rashid, went into exile in the same year. She was attacked again and blamed the second attack on the Black Consciousness Movement and Inkatha Freedom Party.

1979

She founded Tembalishe Tutorial College at Gandhi’s Phoenix home to taught blacks in secretarial skills on 1979. Crafts Centre also established at the Settlement to taught screen printing, sewing, embroidery and knitting for unemployed, Both the college and the crafts Center were closed in 1982 following after Fatima detainment for breaching her banning order caused of supervising the work outside of Durban boundary.During 1980s, she organised scholarships for ten students to go to United States and assisted the "SAVE OUR HOMES COMMITTEE" which was founded by the Coloured community of Sparks Estate to seek justice for who were threatened by the Durban Municipality whom wanna take their homes.They succeeded gain the compensation for the act.Through the cooperation with Indira Gandhi, she organized scholarship for South African students to study medicine and the political sciences in India. IBR does tutorial programmes to improve the low matric pass rate and Phambili High was founded in 1986 for African students.

1992

On 1992, Fatima Meer founded the Clare Estate Environment Group as a response to the needs of shack dwellers and rural migrants. They have no right in urban areas and need clean water, sanitation and proper settlement. Khanyisa School Project was founded on 1993 as a preparatory school for underprivileged African children before they go to formal school. She was also founded Khanya Women's Skills Training Centre in 1996, which teach 150 Black women in pattern-cutting, sewing, adult literacy and business management.

1994

During the 1980s, Meer founded Co-ordinating Committee of Black (Indian, Coloured, African) Ratepayers Organisations to oppose the injustices which were happening to the black townships caused by Durban municipality. She declined the offering of a seat in parliament in 1994 caused of her preference for non-governmental work.On May 1999, Fatima founded the Concerned Citizens’ Group [CCG] to persuade Indian people not to vote for white parties one next election.

1998

She was a strong supporter of the Iranian Revolution and boycotted Salman Rushdie's trip to South Africa in 1998 claiming that he was a blasphemer. She was involved in protests against the oppression and assault to the Palestinian and the US led invasion of Afghanistan. She founded Jubilee 2000 to campaign about her cancellation of the Third World debt.

2010

Fatima Meer died at St. Augustine's Hospital in Durban on 12 March 2010, aged 81, from a stroke which she suffered two weeks earlier. The biography about Fatima Meer entitled Voices of Liberation was written by Shireen Hassim and published on 2019. Her paintings and drawings have been exhibited at Constitutional Hill since August 2017.

Family Life

Fatima and her siblings grew up in Durban, South Africa, in a family of Indian descent. Fatima later gave birth to a son named Rashid.

🎂 Upcoming Birthday

Currently, Fatima Meer is 94 years, 3 months and 20 days old. Fatima Meer will celebrate 95th birthday on a Saturday 12th of August 2023. Below we countdown to Fatima Meer upcoming birthday.

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