|Birth Day:||April 1, 1885|
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Best known as the wife of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, she served during World War II as the leader of the Young Women's Christian Association's wartime efforts and also assisted in the Red Cross's efforts to provide relief in Russia.
She was the child of Lady Blanche Hozier and (allegedly) Sir Henry Hozier (she was more likely the biological daughter of one of her mother's lovers). As a young woman, she studied in Edinburgh, Hertfordshire, and Paris.
Although legally the daughter of Sir Henry Hozier and Lady Blanche Hozier (a daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie), her paternity is a subject of much debate, as Lady Blanche was well known for infidelity. After Sir Henry found Lady Blanche with a lover in 1891, she managed to avert her husband's suit for divorce because of his own infidelities, and thereafter the couple separated. Lady Blanche maintained that Clementine's biological father was Capt. William George "Bay" Middleton, a noted horseman; Mary Soames, Clementine's youngest child, believed this. However, Clementine's biographer, Joan Hardwick, has surmised (due in part to Sir Henry Hozier's reputed sterility) that all Lady Blanche's "Hozier" children were actually fathered by her sister's husband, Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale (1837–1916), better known as a grandfather of the famous Mitford sisters of the 1920s. Whatever her true paternity, Clementine is recorded as being the daughter of Lady Blanche and Sir Henry.
In the summer of 1899, when Clementine was 14, her mother moved the family to Dieppe, a coastal community in the north of France. There the family spent an idyllic summer, bathing, canoeing, picnicking, and blackberrying. While in Dieppe, the family became well acquainted with ‘La Colonie’, or the other English inhabitants living by the sea. This group consisted of military men, writers and painters, such as Aubrey Beardsley and Walter Sickert. The latter came to be a great friend of the family. According to Clementine's daughter, Mary Soames, Clementine was deeply struck by Sickert and thought he was the most handsome and compelling man she had ever seen. The Hoziers' happy life in France ended when Kitty, the eldest daughter, was struck with typhoid fever. Blanche Hozier sent Clementine and her sister Nellie to Scotland so she could devote her time completely to Kitty. Kitty died on 5 March 1900.
Clementine first met Winston in 1904 at a ball in Crewe House, home of the Earl and Countess of Crewe. In March 1908, they met again when seated side by side at a dinner party hosted by Lady St Helier, a distant relative of Clementine's. On their first brief encounter, Winston had recognised Clementine's beauty and distinction; now, after an evening spent in her company, he realised she was a girl of lively intelligence and great character. After five months of meeting each other at social events, as well as frequent correspondence, Winston proposed to Clementine during a house party at Blenheim Palace on 11 August 1908, in a small summer house known as the Temple of Diana.
On 12 September 1908, Winston and Clementine were married in St. Margaret's, Westminster, they honeymooned in Baveno, Venice, and Veveří Castle in Moravia; before settling into a London home at 33 Eccleston Square. They had five children: Diana (1909–1963); Randolph (1911–1968); Sarah (1914–1982); Marigold (1918–1921); and Mary (1922–2014). Only Mary, the youngest, shared their parents' longevity with the others all dying before reaching the age of 70: Marigold died at the age of two, and the other three (Diana, Sarah, and Randolph) all died in their 50s and 60s. The Churchills' marriage was close and affectionate despite the stresses of public life.
During World War I, Clementine Churchill organised canteens for munitions workers on behalf of YMCA in the North East Metropolitan Area of London, for which she was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1918.
In 1946, she was appointed a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, becoming Dame Clementine Churchill GBE.
After more than 56 years of marriage, Clementine was widowed on 24 January 1965 when Winston died at the age of 90.
Following Sir Winston's death, on 17 May 1965 she was created a life peer as Baroness Spencer-Churchill, of Chartwell in the County of Kent. She sat as a cross-bencher, but her growing deafness precluded her taking a regular part in parliamentary life.
In her final few years, inflation and rising expenses left Lady Spencer-Churchill in financial difficulties and in early 1977 she sold at auction five paintings by her late husband. After her death, it was discovered that she had destroyed the Graham Sutherland portrait of her husband because Sir Winston had disliked it.
Lady Spencer-Churchill died at her London home, at 7 Princes Gate, Knightsbridge, of a heart attack on 12 December 1977. She was 92 years old and had outlived her husband by almost 13 years, as well as three of her five children.
A plaque on the Berkhamsted house where the young Clementine Hozier had lived during her education at Berkhamsted Girls' School was unveiled in 1979 by her youngest daughter, Baroness Soames. A blue plaque also commemorates her residence there.
Several years prior to her marriage to Winston Churchill, she was secretly engaged to politician and military man Sidney Peel. Clementine's marriage to Churchill resulted in four daughters (Diana, Sarah, Mary, and Marigold) and one son (Randolph).
|#4||Sarah Churchill||Daughter||$1 Million - $2 Million (Approx.)||N/A||68||Actor|
|#5||Henry Montague Hozier||Father||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|#12||Winston Churchill||Spouse||$1 Million - $2 Million (Approx.)||N/A||90||World Leader|
Currently, Clementine Churchill is 137 years, 8 months and 1 days old. Clementine Churchill will celebrate 138th birthday on a Saturday 1st of April 2023. Below we countdown to Clementine Churchill upcoming birthday.